Accident Detection and Ambulance Dispatch

Vehicle accident is the paramount thread for the people’s life which causes a serious wound or even dead. The automotive companies have made lots of progress in alleviating this thread, but still the probability of detrimental effect due to an accident is not reduced. As the usage of vehicles is increasing drastically, the probability of getting injured due to vehicles is also increased. The main cause for accidents is high speed, drunk driving, inattentiveness, stress and distraction due to electronic gadgets. This can majorly attributed to carelessness of the driver.

Automatic Accident Detection and Rescue System is a hardware solution for vehicles that triggers a message upon an accident and contacts medical emergencies. This solution drastically reduces the response time by automatically triggering the emergency teams to the location. The team has achieved this through a custom hardware and software approach.

The team uses sensors on the car that identify that you have met with an accident. Once the device is certain about the casuality, it then uses the onboard location tracking modules to find the location of the accident and send an alert to the server using the GPRS module on the device. This data is then sent to the ambulances nearby automatically, which respond immediately. 

The team uses an arduino and GPS and GPRS Modules with arduino to send the crash data from the location to the server.

Arduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs – light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message – and turn it into an output – activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online. You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board.

Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based system that uses satellites and ground stations to measure and compute its position on Earth. GPS is also known as Navigation System with Time and Ranging (NAVSTAR) GPS. GPS receiver needs to receive data from at least 4 satellites for accuracy purpose. GPS receiver does not transmit any information to the satellites.